Glossary of Terms and expressions

Please note that terms are listed in alphabetical order, kindly click on the letter to toggle open the list under it.

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3G – short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology. It is the upgrade for 2G and 2.5G GPRS networks, for faster internet speed. This is based on a set of standards used for mobile devices and mobile telecommunications use services and networks that comply with the International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000) specifications by the International Telecommunication Union. 3G finds application in wireless voice telephony, mobile Internet access, fixed wireless Internet access, video calls and mobile TV.

4G – is the fourth generation of broadband cellular network technology, succeeding 3G. A 4G system must provide capabilities defined by ITU in IMT Advanced. Potential and current applications include amended mobile web access, IP telephony, gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, video conferencing, and 3D television.

A

ATA – Analog Telephone Adapter is a device for connecting traditional analog telephones, fax machines, and similar customer-premises devices to a digital telephone system or a voice over IP telephony network.

AA or Auto-Attendant – is an automated attendant and allows callers to be automatically transferred to an extension without the intervention of an operator Many times it will also offer a simple menu system (“for accounts, press 1, for sales, press 2,” etc.). An auto attendant may also allow a caller to reach a live operator by dialing a number, usually “0”. Typically the auto attendant is included in a business’s phone system such as a PABX, but some services allow businesses to use it without such a system.

B

Bandwidth – Bandwidth is the amount of data that can be passed along a communications channel in a given period of time. Usually measured in bits-per-second, bandwidth is the capacity of your Internet connection to transmit and receive data.

Bulk Plan or Bulk Package – Bulk plans are flat rate calling plans used to make calls to a country or group of countries. They are designed for use by multiple users to share minutes and reduce the cost per minute based on larger volume of consumption. Bulk plans are usually a recurring monthly plans.

C

CDN – Content Delivery Network is a geographically distributed network of proxy servers and their data centers.

CDMA – Code-division multiple access is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.

CPU – Central Processing Unit is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

CCTV – Closed-circuit television or otherwise known as video surveillance is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of recorders or monitors.

CDR – Call Detail Record is a report that shows the actual calls made and received for a specific user or account.

Call History – is a list of all incoming, outgoing, and missed calls for each of your DID Numbers and/or accounts.

Call Waiting – Function that allows you to accept an incoming phone call while you are on the phone. Important is to put the call on hold while you answer the second call.

Caller ID – Let you view the number and/or name of each incoming call on your telephone display.

Codec – is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.

D

DID – Direct Inward Dialing (DID) or also called Direct Dial-In (DDI) are virtual numbers, and it is a telecommunication service offered to subscribers who operate a private branch exchange (PBX) or (PABX) system.The feature provides service for multiple telephone numbers over one or more analog or digital physical circuits to the PBX, and transmits the dialed telephone number to the PBX so that a PBX extension is directly accessible for an outside caller, possibly by-passing an auto-attendant.

Device Portability – is the ability to move your Internet Telephony device from one Internet connection to another and still use the service with no change.

DND – Do Not Distrub limits unwanted interruptions when enabled, feature will prevent incoming calls from ringing through, calls will be diverted to dtated number or voicemail if activated, screen will show incoming call as missed.

DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is a set of rules used by a communications device (such as a router or networking adapter) to allow the device to request and obtain an Internet address from a server which has a list of addresses available for assignment.

DNS – Domain Name System is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities and most importantly it translates easy to remember domain names to the numerical IP addresses needed for locating and identifying computer services and devices with the underlying network protocols.

E

ESME – External Short Messaging Entities is a term to describe an external application that connects to a Short Message Service Center (SMSC) to engage in the sending and/or receiving of SMS messages.

EDGE – Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) (also known as Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS), or IMT Single Carrier (IMT-SC), or Enhanced Data rates for Global Evolution) is a digital mobile phone technology that allows improved data transmission rates as a backward-compatible extension of GSM. EDGE is considered a pre-3G radio technology and is part of ITU’s 3G definition.

Error Code – is a method of identifying a specific error encountered on the Cempilli network.

F

Firewall – is a system designed to block unwanted network traffic going in and/or out of your home or office network.

G

GSM – (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, it is the global standard for mobile communications.

GSN Global Subscriber Number

GPRS General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data service on the 2G and 3G cellular communication system’s global system for mobile communications (GSM).

H

HDCP – High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection, is a form of digital copy protection developed by Intel Corporation[1] to prevent copying of digital audio & video content as it travels across connections. Types of connections include DisplayPort (DP), Digital Visual Interface (DVI), and High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI), as well as less popular or now deprecated protocols like Gigabit Video Interface (GVIF) and Unified Display Interface (UDI).

HDMI High-Definition Multimedia Interface is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device. HDMI is a digital replacement for analog video standards.

I

IP – Internet Protocol address is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing.

iDEN Integrated Digital Enhanced Network is a mobile telecommunications technology, developed by Motorola, which provides its users the benefits of a trunked radio and a cellular telephone. It was called the first mobile social network by many technology industry analysts. iDEN places more users in a given spectral space, compared to analog cellular and two-way radio systems, by using speech compression and time division multiple access (TDMA).

International Rates – the rates charged for making calls to specific destinations around the world.

IP Phone – An IP Phone is a phone that converts data packets into voice and connects to the Internet to make and receive calls.

Internet Telephony – also called IP Telephony, Internet Telephony uses the Internet rather than the traditional telephone companies copper wire infrastructure to make and receive phone calls.

ISP – Internet Service Provider, a business that provides subscriber-based access to the Internet. Subscribers can be individuals or businesses. This is the company that supplies your high-speed Internet connection such as Vanilla Telecoms.

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K
L

Latency – Latency is the a time delay between the moment an Internet request is initiated, and the moment the response begins.

LAN – Local area Network is a computer network that connects computers within a limited area such as an office, school, home, business outlet or whole building.

Legacy Systems – is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system.

M

Modem – Short for Modulator/Demodulator. Equipment that converts digital signals to analog signals and vice-versa. Modems are used to send data signals (digital) over the network.

N

NAT – Network Address Translation is a term used in computer networking, also known as network masquerading or IP-masquerading) is a technique in which the source and/or destination addresses of IP packets are rewritten as they pass through a router or firewall. It is most commonly used to enable multiple hosts on a private network to access the Internet using a single public IP address.

O
P

Pay as you go – a Pay As You Go account uses Prepaid or Postpaid Call Credit to allow outbound phone calls using the Cempilli network.

PSU – Power Supply Unit

PPPoE – Point-to-point Protocol over Ethernet is a network protocol for encapsulating PPP frames inside Ethernet frames. Most ISP’s use PPPoE, which provides authentication, encryption, and compression.Typical use of PPPoE involves leveraging the PPP facilities for authenticating the user with a username and password, predominately via the PAP protocol and less often via CHAP.

PPTP – Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol is an obsolete method for implementing virtual private networks, with many known security issues. PPTP uses a TCP control channel and a Generic Routing Encapsulation tunnel to encapsulate PPP packets.

PBX & PABX – Private Branch Exchange or Private Automated Branch Exchange is a telephone exchange or switching system that serves a private organization and performs concentration of central office lines or trunks and provides intercommunication between a large number of telephone stations in the organization. The central office lines provide connections to the public switched telephone network and the concentration aspect of a PBX permits the shared use of these lines between all stations in the organization. The intercommunication aspect allows two or more stations to directly connect while not using the public switched telephone network.

PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network is the aggregate of the world’s circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.

Q
R

Reboot – Rebooting is the process of re-starting a particular device. In the case of most routers and modems, rebooting consists of pulling the power plug out of the back of the device for 10-30 seconds and putting it back in. The device will then take a few minutes to reload its software.

Router – A router is a computer networking device that allows you to connect more than one piece of equipment to your Vanilla modem to share one Internet connection.

RAM – Random-access memory is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used. A random-access memory device allows data items to be read or written in almost the same amount of time irrespective of the physical location of data inside the memory.

S

SIP – Session Initiation Protocol is a communications protocol for signaling and controlling multimedia communication sessions in applications of Internet telephony for voice and video calls, in private IP telephone systems, as well as in instant messaging over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.

SIP Registration – A SIP registration is the connection between the users Internet Phone and the Cempilli network to allow the user to make and receive calls.

Softphone -A softphone is a software application that allows a user to use their computer to make and receive phone calls over the Internet.

SMS – Short Message Service is a text messaging service component of most telephone, World Wide Web, and mobile device systems. It uses standardized communication protocols to enable mobile devices to exchange short text messages. An intermediary service can facilitate a text-to-voice conversion to be sent to landlines.

SMSC – Short Message Service Centre

SMPP – Short Message Peer-to-Peer in the telecommunications industry is an open, industry standard protocol designed to provide a flexible data communication interface for the transfer of short message data between External Short Messaging Entities (ESMEs), Routing Entities (REs) and Message Centres.

T

TDMA – Time-division multiple access is a channel access method for shared-medium networks. It allows several users to share the same frequency channel by dividing the signal into different time slots. The users transmit in rapid succession, one after the other, each using its own time slot. This allows multiple stations to share the same transmission medium (e.g. radio frequency channel) while using only a part of its channel capacity.

TCP/IP – is part of internet protocol suite and are foundational protocols in the suite, Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP). The Internet protocol suite provides end-to-end data communication specifying how data should be packed, addressed, transmitted, routed, and received.

TLS – Transport Layer Security and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), which is now prohibited from use by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network. Several versions of the protocols find widespread use in applications such as web browsing, email, instant messaging, and voice over IP (VoIP).

U

UDP – User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the core members of the Internet protocol suite. The protocol was designed by David P. Reed in 1980 and formally defined in RFC 768. With UDP, computer applications can send messages, in this case referred to as datagrams, to other hosts on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. Prior communications are not required in order to set up communication channels or data paths.

UMTS – Universal Mobile Telecommunications System is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard. Developed and maintained by the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project), UMTS is a component of the International Telecommunications Union IMT-2000 standard set and compares with the CDMA2000 standard set for networks based on the competing cdmaOne technology. UMTS uses wideband code division multiple access (W-CDMA) radio access technology to offer greater spectral efficiency and bandwidth to mobile network operators.

UIFN Universal International Freephone Numbers or a toll-free telephone number or freephone number is a telephone number that is billed for all arriving calls instead of incurring charges to the originating telephone subscriber. For the calling party, a call to a toll-free number from a landline is free of charge.

Unlimited Plan or Package – is a flat rate plan used to make calls to a country or group of countries. Unlimited plans are based on the calling habits of the user for who the plan was designed. Unlimited plans can be used by a single user and should not be shared by multiple parties. Unlimited plans are recurring monthly plans.

V

VOIP – Voice over Internet Protocol (also voice over IP, VoIP or IP telephony) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet. The terms Internet telephony, broadband telephony, and broadband phone service specifically refer to the provisioning of communications services (voice, fax, SMS, voice-messaging) over the public Internet, rather than via the public switched telephone network (PSTN).

VPN – Virtual Private Network extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network. Applications running across the VPN may therefore benefit from the functionality, security, and management of the private network.

VLAN – Virtual LAN is any broadcast domain that is partitioned and isolated in a computer network at the data link layer (OSI layer 2).LAN is the abbreviation for local area network and in this context virtual refers to a physical object recreated and altered by additional logic. VLANs work by applying tags to network packets and handling these tags in networking systems – creating the appearance and functionality of network traffic that is physically on a single network but acts as if it is split between separate networks. In this way, VLANs can keep network applications separate despite being connected to the same physical network, and without requiring multiple sets of cabling and networking devices to be deployed.

VPS – Virtual Private Server is a virtual machine sold as a service by an Internet hosting service of Vanilla Telecoms.

W

WAN – wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance. Wide area networks are often established with leased wifi communication of Vanilla Telecoms across Malta.

WiFi – or Wi-Fi is a technology for wireless local area networking with devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards. Wi-Fi is a trademark of the Wi-Fi Alliance, which restricts the use of the term Wi-Fi Certified to products that successfully complete interoperability certification testing.

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